Sources: Manchester 1819 (An Untitled Lady)

Here are the main historical sources I used when researching the setting for my novel An Untitled Lady. For a bit about how and why I wrote the story, please see essays “On Writing: Killing the Biggest Darling” and “Why I put a Melee in a Romance Novel.”


Excerpts and profiles: Spartacus school site on parliamentary reform [link updated 8.2015]

Images and original documents:

Infirmary Baths in Manchester:

Risky Regencies: Peterloo anniversary today (didn’t see until after I wrote the story, but still good — and nice images)

Books, publications

Ashton, John (1834). Social England under the Regency. London: Chatto & Windus. (reissue, Singing Tree Press)

Aston, Joseph (1804). Plan of Manchester and Salford with the latest improvements. In: The Manchester Guide. Manchester: Manchester: (via Google books UK)

Bamford, Samuel (1893) Passages in the Life of a Radical and Early Days in two volumes edited with an introduction by Henry Dunckley London: T. Fisher Unwin.

Bamford, Samuel (1967/1839) The Autobiography of Samuel Bamford, v.2: Passages in the Life of a Radical, edited by W.H. Chaloner. London: Billing and Sons. (includes “A glossary of Lancashire words”)

Banks, Mrs. G. Linnaeus (1876). The Manchester Man (novel). London: Hurst and Blackett (reissue, British Library)

Bentley, Joyce (1995). Peterloo Shadows (novel). New York: Severn House. ISBN 0-7278-4818-6.

Bush, Michael (2005). The Casualties of Peterloo. Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing. ISBN 1-85936-125-0. pp 63–160 are a detailed listing of each person injured or killed.

Bush, Michael. The Women at Peterloo: The Impact of Female Reform on the Manchester Meeting of 16 August 1819. History, Volume 89 Issue 294, Pages 209 – 232 Published Online: 30 Mar 2004 DOI 0.1111/j.1468-229X.2004.00298.x

Gaskell, Elisabeth (1855). North & South (novel). (2005) Norton Critical edition ISBN 978-0-393-97908-4.

Marlow, Joyce (1969). The Peterloo Massacre. Rapp & Whiting. ISBN 0-85391-122-3.

McKeiver, Philip (2009). Peterloo Massacre 1819. Advance Press Manchester.

Milner, Graham, The 1819 `Peterloo’ massacre: class struggle in the Industrial Revolution. Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal

Poole, Robert. ‘By the Law or the Sword’: Peterloo Revisited, History, Volume 91 Issue 302, Pages 254 – 276 Published Online: 29 Mar 2006 DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-229X.2006.00366.x US:

Poole, Robert. The March to Peterloo: Politics and Festivity in Late Georgian England, Past and Present 192: 109-153. August 2006 Past & Present 2006 192(1):109-153; doi:10.1093/pastj/gtl006

Swindells, Thomas (1908). Manchester Streets and Manchester Men. Manchester: J.E. Cornish, Ltd. (via Google Books)

Spring, Howard (1940). Fame is the Spur (novel). New York: The Literary Guild of America.

White, RJ (1963). Waterloo to Peterloo. London: Mercury Books. (pub 1957 William Heinemann)


Here are the sources I used for the history questions in the book club guide for An Untitled Lady:

Aldous Huxley, “Shelley” in An Encyclopedia of Pacifism, London. Chatto and Windus, in association with the Peace Pledge Union, 1937 (pp. 93–94).

Richard Holmes Shelley: “The Pursuit.” New York Review of Books. (2003 (1st ed. 1974)) p. 532. ISBN 1-59017-037-7.

Percy Bysshe Shelley (1932). The Masque of Anarchy: A Poem. London. Edward Moxon. The quote by Leigh Hunt is from the first page of the preface, page v.

Thomas Erskine May. A treatise on the law, proceedings, and usage of Parliament. W. Clowes and Sons (1906), p.94

Court trials:

The Trial of Henry Hunt and Others. (1820) Dolby (London) edition:

In the King’s Bench: between Thomas Redford, plaintiff and Hugh Hornby Birley, Alexander Oliver, Richard Withington, and Edward Meagher, defendants, for an assault on the 16th of August 1819 (1822) [civil action against the Manchester Yeomanry]

The Whole Proceedings Before The Coroner’s Inquest at Oldham, &c. on The Body of John Lees, Who Died of Sabre Wounds at Manchester, August 16, 1819 (no free version found)


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